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Zanskar is a high altitude semi-desert lying on the Northern flank of the Great-Himalayan Range. This mountains range acts as a climatic barrier protecting Ladakh and Zanskar from most of the monsson, resulting in a pleasantly warm and dry climate in the summer.

Zanskar is a subdistrict ot tehsil of the Kargil district,which lies in the Indian Union territory of Ladakh. The Zanskar Range is a mountain range in the UT of Ladakh that seperates Zanskar from Ladakh. It covers an area of some 7,000 square kilometers,ata na elevation of 3,500-7,135 meters. The first, the Doda, has its source near the Penzi-La mountain pass and then flows south-eastwards along the main valley leeding towards Padum, the capital of Zanskar.

The second branch is formed by 2 main tributaries known as Kargyag river, with its source near the Shingo La. For locals nad trekkers alike, the Shingo La is technically one the easiest 5000m passes in Indian Himalaya, involving no glacier trekking, no steep clims. The Zanskar then takes a north- easten course until it joins the Indus in Ladakh. Hence,due to these topographical features,it is difficult to acces to Zanskar from all sides.